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The most successful wine grape varieties through the centuries of the Bulgaria wine history.
Rubin (Рубин) is a red variety grape selected in the end of the 1940s in the Wine and Viticulture Institute in Pleven crossing of Nebbiolo and Syrah. It is recommended for the South and Eastern Bulgarian wine-producing regions. Working with this variety is not that easy - it ripens in the first half of September and becomes quickly after that raisin with increased sugar content. It has strong growth, good fertility and medium yield. The variety is used for the production of high quality dry and sweet wines. They are characterised by intense dark red colour and a well-balanced flavour with a hint of blueberry, blackberry and violets. The wines of Rubin have a very good ageing potential.
Early Melnik or Melnik 55 (Мелник 55) is a hybrid wine grape variety of the Melnik family. This mixture from Broad leaved Melnik and the French Valdiguié, Durif, Jurançon and Cabernet Sauvignon, is called also the ‘Beta’ version, mostly because of its early harvesting period. The grapes ripen around 20-25 September, have high growth rate and high fertility. The variety produces wines with an intense ruby colour, rich aroma of cherries and a potential for ageing. It is cultivated only in the Melnik, Sandanski and Harsovo regions, known as Struma valley.
Dimyat (Димят) is Bulgaria’s most widely grown indigenous white grape and its wine is often consumed chilled in the hot summer days. It is well known for its big, aromatic grapes. It mainly grows on the Black Sea coast and in the Rose valley in the center of the country. The grape ripens in the second half of September. The variety is used for the production of easy drinking white wines and as a high-quality cognac distillate. Varietal wines are aromatic, usually dry and well-balanced.
Gamza (Гъмза) or Kadarka is a local red wine grape variety, mainly grown on the hills in north-western Bulgaria, in Vidin and Novo Selo region. The variety has a very high yield and it is late ripening – late September, early October. The berry is very susceptible to cracking and grey rot in rainy autumn. That makes it also difficult to cultivate. Young varietal wines are with bright red ruby colour and fruity aromas similar to Pinot Noir.
Ruen (Руен) is a red wine grape variety created in Plovdiv by crossing Broad Leaf Melnik and Cabernet Sauvignon. The grapes ripen late September. Berries are dense, dark blue with a skin rich in colouring matter . Ruen wines are dark red and fresh.
Eumolpia / Evmolpia, ook bekend als Thracische Mavrud, is een rode wijndruivensoort, geselecteerd in Bulgarije door kruising van de Mavrud- en Merlot. variëteiten van Dimitar Bakrikov Er zijn ook plantages in Australië en de Verenigde Staten.
Eumolpia (Evmolpia), also known as Thracian Mavrud, is a red wine grape variety selected in Bulgaria by crossing Mavrud and Merlot. varieties of Dimitar Bakrikov There are also plantations in Australia and the United States.
The vines have moderate to strong growth and high fertility. Good care and sometimes "green harvest" are needed to limit the yield for quality grapes, which is why this variety is not well known yet, but it promises a lot in the future. The variety has an increased cold resistance which is good in the colder Danube plain especially in winter. The grapes ripen around the beginning of September and have a high sugar content.
The variety produces high quality red wines, rosé wines are more and more made from it. They have a deep ruby red color, a red fruit concentration also aroma of spices. Taste is harmonious, rather full with nice structure like the good Mavrud wine, but less tannin than Mavrud which makes it more accessible to the customer.
Bulk weight: 300-350g ; Grain weight: 1.4 g ; Ripening time: 1.09-10.09 ; Yields of 1 hectare: 1500-2000 kg
Bouquet (Букет) is a red wine grape variety selected in 1951 in an experimental vineyard near the town of Septemvri through the crossing of Mavrud and Pinot Noir. It ripens in mid-September. It is characterized by good sugar content and acidity; its extract and colour composition are suitable for intensively coloured dry and dessert wines with decent alcohol content and a well-balanced, pleasant taste.